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Anatomy / Pedigree

Photo courtesy of the National Museum of Racing and Hall of Fame
Conformation is the overall shape and structure of a horse, which is evaluated by looking at the bone structure, muscles and body proportions.
Good conformation starts with the bones - 205 bones make up the equine skeletal anatomy.
The horse skeletal structure is held together with ligaments, tendons and muscles.
The hocks, on the back legs of a horse, are similar to the ankle joint on a human skeleton. The hocks are essential for propelling a horse forward as they are the engine of the animal.
The hind quarters can propel the horse forward 40 miles an hour in six strides.
Horses have a range of vision that covers a combined 330 degrees. Humans have a range of vision of a combined 120 degrees.
Photo courtesy of the National Museum of Racing and Hall of Fame

Every thoroughbred's ancestry can be traced back to three foundation stallions imported to England in the 18th century: the Darley Arabian, the Byerly Turk and the Godolphin Arabian. These stallions are the forefathers of thoroughbred horses.

Education Blogs

Dr. Stuart Brown DVM from Hagyard Equine Medical Institute in Lexington Kentucky generously wrote this article on colic in foals following a number of inquiries and questions. This in-depth overview comes from his expertise in broodmare reproduction and routine primary care. Learn more about h...

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Following a suggestion from a Foal Patrol follower, here is a more in depth overview of the gestation of horses in comparison to that of humans.     The cycle of breeding, gestation and delivery follows a specific timeline for thoroughbred horses. Below is some background on that timeline a...

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Foals are born rather mature as they can stand and eat within a few hours of being born. The anatomy of a foal at birth is that their legs are long, and their bodies are small. This means that a foal’s legs are very close to that of their adult length.  Their body, including the ribcage/torso ...

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It’s such an exciting time when a foal is born! To ensure the foal’s health, farms may take different steps to care for the newborn. The farm manager and staff work hard to ensure it is a smooth birth for the mare with thorough check-ups leading up to the delivery. Four weeks prior to the due...

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Thoroughbred horses have incredible vision. Their eyes are the largest of any land mammal and the peripheral range is quite wide, warning them of predators. If you add the range of each eye together it covers a field of about 330 degrees. The human eyes can see around 120 degrees. The drawback ...

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